There are three logical operators: and, or, and not. The semantics (meaning) of these operators is similar to their meaning in English. For example,
x > 0 and x < 10
is true only if x is greater than 0 and less than 10.
n%2 == 0 or n%3 == 0 is true if either of the conditions is true, that is, if the number is divisible by 2 or 3.
Finally, the not operator negates a boolean expression, so not (x > y) is true if
x > y is false, that is, if x is less than or equal to y.
Strictly speaking, the operands of the logical operators should be boolean expressions, but Python is not very strict. Any nonzero number is interpreted as “true.”
>>> 17 and TrueTrue
This flexibility can be useful, but there are some subtleties to it that might be confusing. You might want to avoid it (unless you know what you are doing).