algorithm: A general process for solving a category of problems.
argument: A value provided to a function when the function is called. This value is assigned to the corresponding parameter in the function.
body: The sequence of statements inside a function definition.
composition: Using an expression as part of a larger expression, or a statement as part of a larger statement.
deterministic: Pertaining to a program that does the same thing each time it runs, given the same inputs.
dotnotation: The syntax for calling a function in another module by specifying the module name followed by a dot (period) and the function name.
flow of execution: The order in which statements are executed during a program run.
fruitful function: A function that returns a value.
function: A named sequence of statements that performs some useful operation. Functions may or may not take arguments and may or may not produce a result.
function call: A statement that executes a function. It consists of the function name followed by an argument list.
function definition: A statement that creates a new function, specifying its name, parameters, and the statements it executes.
function object: A value created by a function definition. The name of the function is a variable that refers to a function object.
header: The first line of a function definition.
import statement: A statement that reads a module file and creates a module object.
module object: A value created by an import statement that provides access to the data and code defined in a module.
parameter: A name used inside a function to refer to the value passed as an argument.
pseudorandom: Pertaining to a sequence of numbers that appear to be random, but are generated by a deterministic program.
return value: The result of a function. If a function call is used as an expression, the return value is the value of the expression.
void function: A function that doesn’t return a value.