Wrap-up Questions for Chapter 1
- A major issue in recent presidential elections has been whether the income tax on high income earners should be increased. Can you think of any standard by which to determine the
appropriate level of progressivity in the Code?
- The more progressive the Code, the greater the “upside-downness” of deductions. How might this be a good thing? What would be the advantage of granting tax credits instead of
deductions or exclusions?
- What are phaseouts? Why would Congress enact them? How do they affect a taxpayer’s effective tax rate?
- Taxpayer received a tax-free benefit, perhaps a gift from a company that wanted to increase its business. Why must taxpayer have a fmv basis in the item?
- If taxpayer receives a benefit but has no choice regarding its consumption – the manager of a lighthouse must live with his family in the lighthouse – should taxpayer be taxed on
the value of the benefit? Why or why not?
- Taxpayer owned some commercial property. Taxpayer recorded the property on its corporate books at a certain value. Over the course of several years, the value of the property
fluctuated up and down. Taxpayer did not pay income tax on the increase in the property’s value. Why should taxpayer not be permitted to deduct decreases in the property’s value?