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- Indices for arrays must be int values that are greater than or equal to 0 and less than the length of the array. Remember that computer scientists always count starting at zero, not one!
- All array accesses are checked at run time: An attempt to use an index that is less than zero or greater than or equal to the length of the array causes an IndexOutOfBoundsException to be thrown.
- Array elements can be used on either side of an equals sign:
- myArray[i] = aValue;
- someValue = myArray[j];
- Accessing elements of an array is fast and the time to access any element is independent of where it is in the array.
- Inserting elements into an array is very slow because all the other elements following the insertion point have to be moved to make room, if that is even possible.