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1 September, 2015 - 15:37

function: A named sequence of statements that performs some useful operation. Functions may or may not take arguments and may or may not produce a result.

function denition: A statement that creates a new function, specifying its name, parameters, and the statements it executes.

function object: A value created by a function definition. The name of the function is a variable that refers to a function object.

header: The first line of a function definition.

body: The sequence of statements inside a function definition.

parameter: A name used inside a function to refer to the value passed as an argument.

function call: A statement that executes a function. It consists of the function name followed by an argument list.

argument: A value provided to a function when the function is called. This value is assigned to the corresponding parameter in the function.

local variable: A variable defined inside a function. A local variable can only be used inside its function.

return value: The result of a function. If a function call is used as an expression, the return value is the value of the expression.

fruitful function: A function that returns a value.

void function: A function that doesn’t return a value.

module: A file that contains a collection of related functions and other definitions.

import statement: A statement that reads a module file and creates a module object.

module object: A value created by an import statement that provides access to the values defined in a module.

dot notation: The syntax for calling a function in another module by specifying the module name followed by a dot (period) and the function name.

composition: Using an expression as part of a larger expression, or a statement as part of a larger statement.

ow of execution: The order in which statements are executed during a program run.

stack diagram: A graphical representation of a stack of functions, their variables, and the values they refer to.

frame: A box in a stack diagram that represents a function call. It contains the local variables and parameters of the function.

traceback: A list of the functions that are executing, printed when an exception occurs.