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1 September, 2015 - 16:57

modulus operator: An operator, denoted with a percent sign (%), that works on integers and yields the remainder when one number is divided by another.

boolean expression: An expression whose value is either True or False.

relational operator: One of the operators that compares its operands: ==, !=, », <, »=, and <=.

logical operator: One of the operators that combines boolean expressions: and, or, and not.

conditional statement: A statement that controls the flow of execution depending on some condition.

condition: The boolean expression in a conditional statement that determines which branch is executed.

compound statement: A statement that consists of a header and a body. The header ends with a colon (:). The body is indented relative to the header.

branch: One of the alternative sequences of statements in a conditional statement.

chained conditional: A conditional statement with a series of alternative branches.

nested conditional: A conditional statement that appears in one of the branches of another conditional statement.

recursion: The process of calling the function that is currently executing.

base case: A conditional branch in a recursive function that does not make a recursive call.

innite recursion: A recursion that doesn’t have a base case, or never reaches it. Eventually, an infinite recursion causes a runtime error.