Like a string, a list is a sequence of values. In a string, the values are characters; in a list, they can be any type. The values in a list are called elements or sometimes items.
There are several ways to create a new list; the simplest is to enclose the elements in square brackets ([ and ]):
[10, 20, 30, 40]['crunchy frog', 'ram bladder', 'lark vomit']
The ﬁrst example is a list of four integers. The second is a list of three strings. The elements of a list don’t have to be the same type. The following list contains a string, a ﬂoat, an integer, and (lo!) another list:
['spam', 2.0, 5, [10, 20]]
A list within another list is nested.
A list that contains no elements is called an empty list; you can create one with empty brackets, .
As you might expect, you can assign list values to variables:
>>> cheeses = ['Cheddar', 'Edam', 'Gouda']>>> numbers = [17, 123]>>> empty = >>> print cheeses, numbers, empty['Cheddar', 'Edam', 'Gouda'] [17, 123]