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4 September, 2015 - 14:38

dictionary: A mapping from a set of keys to their corresponding values.

key-value pair: The representation of the mapping from a key to a value.

item: Another name for a key-value pair.
key: An object that appears in a dictionary as the first part of a key-value pair.

value: An object that appears in a dictionary as the second part of a key-value pair. This is more specific than our previous use of the word “value.”

implementation: A way of performing a computation.

hashtable: The algorithm used to implement Python dictionaries.

hash function: A function used by a hashtable to compute the location for a key.

hashable: A type that has a hash function. Immutable types like integers, floats and strings are hashable; mutable types like lists and dictionaries are not.

lookup: A dictionary operation that takes a key and finds the corresponding value.

reverse lookup: A dictionary operation that takes a value and finds one or more keys that map to it.

singleton: A list (or other sequence) with a single element.

call graph: A diagram that shows every frame created during the execution of a program, with an arrow from each caller to each callee.

histogram: A set of counters.

memo: A computed value stored to avoid unnecessary future computation.

global variable: A variable defined outside a function. Global variables can be accessed from any function.

ag: A boolean variable used to indicate whether a condition is true.

declaration: A statement like global that tells the interpreter something about a variable.