Stem cells do not serve any specific function in the body, though they have the capacity to serve different functions after specialization. Each cell in the human body is derived from the first few cells formed at the beginning of embryological development, the stem cells. Therefore, these cells extracted from the embryos can be used to derive every cell type desired under suitable conditions in the laboratory. This property explains why scientists are interested in stem cell research, especially for regenerative medicine. This section is divided into two parts: (1) stem cell research, and (2) stem cells and disease management. The subsection on stem cell research discusses the potential areas of bench side research in general, and you will then move on to look at the research into particular diseases, for example diabetes and neural sciences.