Another set of useful terms describe how quickly a melody goes up and down. A melody that rises and falls slowly, with only small pitch changes between one note and the next, is conjunct. One may also speak of such a melody in terms of step-wise or scalar motion, since most of the intervals in the melody are half or whole steps or are part of a scale. A melody that rises and falls quickly, with large intervals between one note and the next, is a disjunct melody. One may also speak of "leaps" in the melody. Many melodies are a mixture of conjunct and disjunct motion.
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Figure 2.2 Mixture of conjunct and disjunct motion
A melody may show conjuct motion, with small changes in pitch from one note to the next, or disjunct motion, with large leaps. Many melodies are an interesting, fairly balanced mixture of conjunct and disjunct motion.