Packages are way that Java organizes related classes together. Packages are simply directories that contain the related code files. Each class file in a package directory should have the line package XXX; at its top, where the XXX matches with the directory. name. If neither public nor private (nor protected i.e. a blank specifier) is used to specify the visibility level of a class or method, then that method can be seen by other members of the package but not by those outside of the package. To use the public classes in a package, the import myPackage.*; syntax is used. This tells the Java compiler to allow all the public classes in the myPackage directory. Packages can be nested, though each level must be imported separately.
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