It has been our experience that with every seriously disruptive student there is always one person or place for which that student acts appropriately. There is usually no system in place, threats, or punishments the student just wants to be polite and behave appropriately. The place can be the grandparent's house, church, ball field, mall, or wherever. The person can be their uncle, coach, neighbor, or friend. The goal is to make your school one of these places and you one of these persons.
The attainment of this goal involves all of the tasks in this book, but none are more crucial or have more of an effect on the student's behavior than building a relationship with the student. Disciplining, punishing, suspending, complaining to parents, and many other practices destroy relationships. Conversely, helping, listening, expecting much, and getting to know each other as individuals build relationships.
In an elementary school on a Air Force base, the counselor remarked that their best teacher was having a terrible year. The teacher had received her teaching certificate in college, but decided to raise her children before beginning work. When her children were in middle school, she decided it was time to begin teaching. Being around the fourth graders was a delight for her. She woke up every morning and was excited about the day. In this particular year, however, the computer placed eight seriously disruptive students in her class.
The teacher said that she could not win. She would get one or two of them calmed down and the others would get them going again. It was February and the teacher had lost her enthusiasm for teaching. She said she was getting depressed on Sunday thinking about another week of battle with these students. We told her to do two things. First, investigate and find one thing about each of them that they were gifited in. We told her it was usually related to their special interest or something they were delighted in doing. The second part was to let the students each know what she found out about them.
In the last training session in May, she stood up and told the entire faculty that from the day she told the students what she found out, she did not have one problem with any of the eight students. She went on to add that this activity would be her first task for the upcoming school year.
This is the only activity that we describe as magical. Since then, we have had many teachers tell us similar stories and results. With this activity, we asked teachers to think of one significant adult they really liked being around when they were school-aged. Afiter they each chose one, we would ask several to tell me who they were. They were uncles, aunts, coaches, etc., but seldom teachers or parents. Teachers and parents tend to see the miles they have to go to reach competent adulthood. The special persons in their lives, however, saw what was great about them now. We asked the group if their special persons knew of their gifits, interests, or natural talents. The answer was always yes.
In many Japanese schools, they take the first few weeks and work solely on building a group. The students and the teachers learn about each other and each person's responsibility to the group. Similarly, an outstanding elementary special education teacher (in the U.S.) reported how she spent the first three weeks letting the students get to know each other and her. They practiced all of the student expectations how to line up, act in the library and cafeteria, how they resolved problems, and on and on. Only afiter the students felt comfortable with all the procedures, the teacher, and other students, did they begin academic work. She discovered that they went further academically, even though they began later than other classes.
Building a positive relationship with your students affects more than their behavior. It affects their learning. You do not have to be embarrassed, punished, or sent away many times before you do not want to listen or be around the punisher. Conversely, if the principal and the teacher help a student learn a new social skill and form a better and closer relationship while doing it, the student wants to learn new things from that person. The kind of relationships we build with our students has a great effect on the students' willingness and motivation to learn.
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