The assignment operator allows us to change the value of a modifable data object (for beginning programmers this typically means a variable). It is associated with the concept of moving a value into the storage location (again usually a variable). Within C++ programming language the symbol used is the equal symbol. But bite your tongue, when you see the symbol you need to start thinking: assignment. The assignment operator has two operands. The one to the left of the operator is usually an identifier name for a variable. The one to the right of the operator is a value.
Example 3.2: Simple Assignment
int age; // variable set upthen later in the programage = 21;
The value 21 is moved to the memory location for the variable named: age. Another way to say it: age is assigned the value 21.
Example 3.3: Assignment with an Expression
int total cousins; // variable set up then later in the program total_cousins =4+3 + 5 +2;
The item to the right of the assignment operator is an expression. The expression will be evaluated and the answer is 14. The value 14 would assigned to the variable named: total_cousins.
Example 3.4: Assignment with Identifier Names in the Expression
int students_period_1 = 25; // variable set up with initializationint students_period_2 = 19;int total_students; then later in the programtotal_students = students_period_1 + students_period_2;
The expression to the right of the assignment operator contains some identifier names. The program would fetch the values stored in those variables; add them together and get a value of 44; then assign the 44 to the total students variable.