By the end of this section, you will be able to:
- List the different types of hormones and explain their roles in maintaining homeostasis
- Explain how hormones work
- Explain how hormone production is regulated
- Describe the role of different glands in the endocrine system
- Explain how the different glands work together to maintain homeostasis
The endocrine system produces hormones that function to control and regulate many different body processes. The endocrine system coordinates with the nervous system to control the functions of the other organ systems. Cells of the endocrine system produce molecular signals called hormones. These cells may compose endocrine glands, may be tissues or may be located in organs or tissues that have functions in addition to hormone production. Hormones circulate throughout the body and stimulate a response in cells that have receptors able to bind with them. The changes brought about in the receiving cells affect the functioning of the organ system to which they belong. Many of the hormones are secreted in response to signals from the nervous system, thus the two systems act in concert to effect changes in the body.